Bhubneswar : The temple city is the capital and largest city of the Indian state Odisha. It is a centre of economic, educational and cultural importance of East India.
Bhubneswar : The temple city…
Bhubneswar is the capital and largest city of the Indian state Odisha. It is a centre of economic, educational and cultural importance of East India. Bhubneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital on 19 August 1949, 2 years after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India’s first planned cities.
Bhubneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the ‘twin cities of Odisha’.
Bhubaneshwar is an ancient city replete with beautiful historic temples which attract pilgrims and tourists from all over the country. The name of the city literally means Lord of the Universe, rightly reflected in the number of temples here and the religious fervor of its locals. This is now a bustling city where the history is beautifully intertwined with its modern and progressive present.
Bhubneswar is known for its architecture and grand temples. Some of these temples are listed below. So guys let’s know more about Bhubneswar : The temple city…
Lingaraja Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the oldest temples in Bhubneswar, the capital of the Indian state of Odisha. The temple is the most prominent landmark of Bhubneswar city and one of the major tourist attractions of the state.
Lingaraja Temple is the largest temple in Bhubneswar. The central tower of the temple is 180 ft (55 m) tall. The temple represents the quintessence of the Kalinga architecture and culminating the medieval stages of the architectural tradition at Bhubneswar. The temple is believed to be built by the kings from the Somavamsi dynasty, with later additions from the Ganga rulers.
Location: Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002
Rajarani Temple is an 11th-century Hindu temple located in Bhubneswar. This temple is believed to have been known originally as Indreswara. It is locally known as a “love temple” because of the erotic carvings of women and couples in the temple.
It has been contended that the temple was initially known as Indreswara Temple devoted to the worship of lord Shiva. The statues are made of red and gold sandstone, which is locally known as Rajarani and this is what gives the temple its name of Raja Ran.
Location:- Tankapani Road, near BOI ATM, Kedar Gouri Vihar, Rajarani Colony, Rajarani Temple, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002
Mukteshvara Temple ( also spelt Mukteswar) is a 10th-century Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple dates back to 950–975 CE and is a monument of importance in the study of the development of Hindu temples in Odisha. The Mukteshvara Temple is found to be the earliest work from the Somavamshi period. Most scholars believe the temple is the successor to Parashurameshvara Temple and built earlier to the Brahmeswara Temple (1060 CE).The most important feature of the Mukteshvara Temple is the torana, or the arched gateway, dating back to about 900 CE and showing the influence of Buddhist architecture. The arched gateway has thick pillars that have strings of beads and other ornaments carved on statues of smiling women in languorous repose.
Location: – Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751019
Sri Ram Temple
Sri RamTemple, in the heart of Bhubneswar, near Kharvel Nagar, Janpath, is a temple housing beautiful image of Lord Rama, Lord Lakshman, and Goddess Sita. The high rising spire of the main temple visible from many parts of the capital city, is its main attraction. Built and managed by a private trust, the temple complex also comprises shrines devoted to ochre-painted marble idols of Lord Hanuman, Lord Shiva and other gods. The major festivals celebrated are Ram Navami, Vivaha Panchami, Janmashtami, Dussehra, Shivaratri, and Pana Sankranti. Annual fair is also organized here on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi. The magnificent aarti during morning and evening draws a lot of devotees.
Location: – Naka Gate Chowk, Khandagiri, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751030
Ananta Vasudev Mandir
Ananta Vasudeva Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, an avatar of Lord Vishnu located in Bhubneswar, the state capital of Odisha, India. The temple was constructed in the thirteenth century, and the complete murties of Krishna, Balarama and Subhadra are worshipped there. Balarama stands under a seven hooded serpent, Subhadra holds Jewels pot and lotus in her two hands keeping her left foot over another jewel pot, while Krishna holds a mace, chakra, lotus and a conch. The temple dates back to the period of Chandrika Devi, the daughter of Anangabhima III, during the reign of the king Bhanudeva.
The architecture of this temple looks like Lingaraja Temple and has Vaishnavite sculptures. It has longitudinal shikharas with beautiful carvings. The temple contains a three-chambered frontal adjunct consisting of Jagamohana, the Natamandira and the Bhoga Mandapa. It has longitudinal bands of miniature shrines carved with ornaments. It is positioned in a walled compound along with abundant structures. An image on the wall of the temple displays legend of Lord Vishnu who appears as Varaha avatar.
Location: – Gouri Nagar, Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002
Brahmeswara Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in Bhubneswar, Odisha, erected at the end of the 9th century CE, is richly carved inside and out. This Hindu temple can be dated with fair accuracy by the use of inscriptions that were originally on the temple. They are now lost, but records of them preserve the information of around 1058 CE. The temple is built in the 18th regnal year of the Somavamsi king Udyotakesari by his mother Kolavati Devi, which corresponds to 1058 CE.
Brahmeswara Temple is a very important monument for two reasons. First, it carries a dated foundation inscription which helps putting the Odishan temple chronology in correct order. And second, it is built in a panchayatana style, the first of its kind in Bhubneswar. Unlike the earlier temples like Rajarani and Gauri, Brahmesvara is not built over a pitha (platform) however it is able to attain a considerable height of about 60 feet. The deul (temple) consists of a bada and a jagamohana. Its bada is built in pancha-ratha style and composed of pabhaga, jangha and baranda. Pabhaga is built with five mouldings which are rather plain except decorated vertical bars introduced at regular intervals. Jangha is divided into two equal parts separated by a bandana.
Location: – Near, Tankapani Road, Siba Nagar, Brahmeswarpatna, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002.
Parsurameswara Temple also spelt Parashurameshvara, located in the East Indian city of Bhubneswar, the capital of Odisha, is considered the best preserved specimen of an early Odia Hindu temple dated to the Shailodbhava period between the 7th and 8th centuries CE. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva and is one of the oldest existing temples in the state. It is believed to have been built around 650 CE in Nagara style and has all the main features of the pre-10th century Odia-style temples. The temple is one among the Parashurameshvara group of temples.
Location: – near Bindu Sagar Pond, Kedar Gouri Vihar, Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002.
Builtby the Ganga dynasty rulers around the 12th Century AD, this temple is quite different from the other temples of Bhubneswar in terms of its architecture. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Shiva worshiped as Bhaskareswar. It was built to resemble a ratha (Chariot) of Lord Jagannath. The other unique feature is the nine feet tall Lingam. It’s believed that the soldiers before going on a war used to seek Lord Shiva’s blessings and the double storey structure of the temple facilitated easy access for the same. Scholars believe that the nine foot tall Shiva Lingam is actually the remains of an Ashokan pillar. The remnants of the pillars and railings and artefacts found at the site proves the prophecy.
The unusual and unique architecture of the temple was probably due to the contingency at the site. The temple is built on a pancharatha ( five projecting piers) style and the “deula” (sanctum sanctorum) follows the “pidha”(stepped pyramid) pattern locally called as “Pidhadeula” (steeped pyramidal sanctum). Contingencies apart the aesthetic use of Buddhist elements and innovative structural plan makes Bhaskareswara Temple a unique monument in Kalingan Architecture.
Location: – Tankapani Road, Badagada Brit Colony, Pandav Nagar, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751018.
Baitāḷa deuḷa or Vaitāḷa deuḷa is an 8th-century Hindu temple of typical Khakara style dedicated to Goddess Chamunda located in Bhubneswar, the capital city of Odisha, India. It is also locally known as Tini-mundia deula due to the three spires on top of it, a very distinct and unusual feature. The three spires are believed to represent the three powers of the goddess Chamunda – Mahasaraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali.The duel or tower of the temple is the most striking feature of the temple.
The semi-cylindrical shape of its roof bears an affinity to the Dravidian gopuram of the South India temples. The plan of the duel is oblong and the jagamohana is a rectangular structure, but embedded in each angle is a small subsidiary shrine. The facade of the duel above the left of the jagamohana is dominated by two chaitya windows. The lower one having a beautifully carved figure of sun god Surya noted for its facial expression, with Usha and Pratyusha shooting arrows on either side. The upper chaitya-window is adorned with a 10-armed Nataraja.
Location: – Barhadanda Road, Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002
The Papanasini Siva temple is located in the Papanasini precinct, Badheibanka Chowk, Old Town, Bhubneswar, at an elevation of 45 feet (14 m). The temple faces towards the south. It is an abandoned temple and the sanctum is empty. The temple is made of laterite.It is a wild stream that originates from the Brahmagiri Hills which later joins River Kalindi. It is almost 400 mtrs away from the temple, on its western side. Literally it means, extinguisher of sins. It is believed that River Ganga and River Saraswathi joined Papanasini. Therefore Papanasini is called the Southern Kashi. A ritual dip in Papanasini is believed to wash one away, of all worldly sins committed in a lifetime.
Location: – Lingaraj Nagar, Old Town, Bhubneswar, Odisha 751002
Friends this was about Bhubneswar : The temple city. We are waiting for your comments and suggestions.
Stay Connected…. Keep Learning More….