मौर्य साम्राज्य बनाम मुग़ल साम्राज्य

मौर्य साम्राज्य बनाम मुग़ल साम्राज्य

Doston, aaj hum Bharat ke do sabse vishaal aur समृद्ध साम्राज्यों ki tulna karenge. Ji haan doston, is blog mein hum Mauryan Empire aur Mughal Empire ka comparison karne waale hain. Doston, is blog ko poora jaroor padhiyega. aur apne sujhav comment box mein jarur likhen.

तो चलिए सुरु करते हैं Mauryan vs Mughal

 

Mauryan Empire ki sthaapna 322 BC mein hui thi matlab aaj se kareeb 2340 saal pahle, jabki Mughal Empire ki sthaapna 1526 AD mein hui thi matlab aaj se 492 saal pahle. Dono hi Empires (साम्राज्य) mein kareeb 2000 saal ka antar hai lekin phir bhi ye dono apne samay ke mahaantam साम्राज्यों mein se ek the. 

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
स्थापना  322 BC 1526 AD
उम्र (वर्षों में) 2340 saal 492 saal

 

Doston, Mauryan Empire ke pahle raja Chandragupta Maurya the jinhone Nanda Dynasty (वंश) ke raaja Dhananand ko haraaya tha. Aapko bata de ki Mauryan Empire ki sthaapna mein Chanakya ka bhi bahut bada haath tha. Wahi, Mughal Empire ke pahle Mughal Babur the jinhone Lodhi Dynasty (वंश) ke Ibrahim lodhi ko Panipat ke pahle yuddh mein haraaya tha. 

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
संस्थापक Chandragupta Maurya Babur

 

Mauryan Empire ke sabse pramukh raajaon mein Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusar, Ashoka aur Dashrath aate hain jabki Mughal Empire ke sabse pramukh raajaon mein Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan, Aurangzeb aur Bahadur Shah II ka naam aata hai. 

 

Aapki jaankari ke liye bata de ki Mauryan Empire mein kul 9 raajaon ne raaj kiya tha wahi Mughal Empire mein kul 17 raajaon ne raaj kiya he. 

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
कुल शासक  9 17

 

Chaliye ab baat karte hain geography yaani भूगोल ki. Mauryan Empire uttar-poorv mein Himalaya parvat se,  poorv me Bengal tak, Uttar mein Afganistan ke Hind-kush parvat se, uttar paschim mein Balochistan aur Dakshin mein Vindhya Parvat ke paar tak faila hua tha. Jabki Mughal Empire Afganistan ke Kabul se Uttar mein Kashmir, Poorv mein Myanmar ke Arakan aur Dakshin mein Deccan Plateau (दक्कन का पठार) tak faila hua tha. 

 

Mauryan Empire ka total Area 50 lakh Km2 tha aur ye Indian Subcontinent (भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप) ka aaj tak ka sabse bada Empire tha, ji han aap ne sahi suna , Bhartiya upmahadvip ka sabse bada saamrajya tha. jabki Mughal Empire ka total area 40 lakh km2 tha aur ye Mauryan Empire aur British Raj ke baad Indian Subcontinent (भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप) ka teesra sabse bada Empire tha.

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
कुल क्षेत्रफल  50 lakh Km2 40 lakh km2

 

Population yaani ki jansankhya ki baat kare to Mauryan Empire ki total population 5 se 6 crore thi aur ye us samay duniya ki population ka 30% tha.  jabki Mughal Empire ki total population 15 crore 84 lakh thi jo us samay duniya ki population ka 25% hissa tha.

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
जनसंख्यां   5 se 6 crore 15 crore 84 lakh

 

Doston, Jahan ek or Mughal shasak Mongol-Turkish vansh ke the aur Madhya asia se aaye the jabki Mauryan shasak Bharat ke hi the. Ek taraf jahan Mughal shasak mukhyata Muslim the to Mauryan shasak Buddhists, Hindu aur Jain the. 

 

Ab Baat karte hain currency ki yaani ki mudraon ki, Mauryan Empire mein Panas chalte the jabki Mughal Empire mein Rupee, Rupiya aur Daam chalte the. 

 

Mauryan Empire mein mukhya roop se Sanskrit aur Magadhi Prakrit boli jaati thi to Mughal Empire mein Persian, Arabic, Urdu aur Hindi boli jaati hai. 

 

Doston, Mauryan Empire ki capital Patliputra thi jo aaj ke Patna mein hai. Wahi Mughal Empire ki capitals samay-samay ke saath badalti rahi jisme  Delhi, Agra, Lahore aur Fatehpur Sikri shaamil he. 

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
राजधानी   Patna Delhi, Agra, Lahore, Fatehpur Sikri

 

Aapko bata de ki Mauryan Empire ki government centralized (केंद्रीय) thi aur Poore raajya ka shashan Patliputra se hi chalta tha jabki Mughal Empire ki government decentralized (विकेन्द्रित) thi aur Mughal rulers ne poore raajya ko 12 subon mein baanta tha aur sabhi subon ki jimmedari alag-alag subedaaro par thi. 

 

Mughal sena
Mughal sena

Doston agar army ki baat kare to 2000 saal se bhi jyada antar hone ke kaaran Mughal army ka Mauryan army se advance hona to swabhavik tha. Mughal army mein baarood, top aur bandookon jaise hathiyaar the jabki Mauryan empire mein Dhanush aur talware thi. Bata deki Mughal us samay wo duniya ke teen muslim raajyo mein se ek the jinke paas baarood ki taakat thi.
Mughal army mein total 9,11,400 sainik, hazaaro tope , haathi ghode the. Jabki Mauryan army mein 6 lakh paidal sainik, 30 hazaar ghudsawaar sainik, 9000 haathi, aur 8000 rath the. 

 

Baat kare agar Estimated GDP ki to Mauryan Empire ki GDP duniya ki GDP ka 33% thi aur us samay logo ki per capita income lagbhag $450 thi jabki Mughal Empire ki GDP duniya ki GDP ka 24% thi aur logo ki per capita income $550 thi. Bata deki ye sabhi aankde kai itihaas kaaro aur economist ne milkar decide kiye hain.

  Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
Estimated GDP share    33% 24%
Per capita income $450 $550 

 

Doston, Mauryan Empire ke aakhiri ruler Brihadaratha the aur Pushyamitra Shunga ne unhe haraakar 185 B.C. mein Mauryan Empire ka ant kar diya jabki Mughal Empire ke aakhiri ruler Bahadur Shah II the jinhone 1857 ke yuddh mein pramukh bhoomika nibhayi thi aur British sarkar ne unhe Rangoon ki jail mein bhej diya tha.

 

Agar hum baat kare Mauryan Empire ki famous places ke bare mein to Sarnath ka Ashoka Pillar, Vaishali ka Ashoka Pillar, Taxila ka Dharmarajika Stupa, Sanchi ke Stupa, Grand Trunk Road, Amravati ke Stupa, Barabar aur Ajanta ki gufaae hai. Aapko ko bata de Sarnath ka Ashoka Pillar se hi Bharat ka National Symbol liya gaya hai. Jabki Mughal Empire ki famous places mein Taj mahal, Moti Masjid, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Lahore Fort, Buland Darwaza, Shalimar Bagh, Lalbagh Fort aur Bibi ka Maqbara shaamil hai. Aapko bata deki Mughal ruler Shahjahan ka banwaya Taj mahal duniya ke saat ajoobo mein se ek hai. 

Mauryan Empire Mughal Empire
Sarnath ka Ashoka Pillar Taj mahal
Vaishali ka Ashoka Pillar Moti Masjid
Taxila ka Dharmarajika Stupa Red Fort
Sanchi ke Stupa Jama Masjid
Grand Trunk Road Lahore Fort
Amravati ke Stupa Buland Darwaza
Barabar aur Ajanta ki gufaae Shalimar Bagh
Lalbagh Fort
Bibi ka Maqbara

 

Doston, Mauryan saamrajya aur Mughal saamrajya mein kaun jyada mahaan hai ye to nahi kah sakte aur ye debate to hamesha hi chalti rehegi. Lekin in dono hi saamraajya ke samay Bharat ka swarn kaal tha aur in dono ke Empire ne Bharat ke development mein chaar chand laga diye the.

 

To doston aap hi hame comment karke bataaye ke kon zyada mahaan hai? Mauryan empire ya fir Mughal empire.

 

आप हमारे इस पोस्ट को नीचे दिए गए वीडियो में भी देख सकते हैं׀ इस वीडियो के अनुभव भी हमसे साझा करें और अन्य लोगों से यह वीडियो जरूर शेयर करें׀
इस पोस्ट को हमारे वीडियो में भी देखें

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